Facial reconstructive surgery is different from facial cosmetic surgery. Facial cosmetic surgery is performed to reshape normal structures of the face, head, and neck to improve the patient's appearance and self-esteem. Reconstructive surgery is performed on abnormal structures of the face, head, and neck, caused by birth defects, developmental abnormalities, trauma or injury, infection, tumors, or disease.
Forensic facial reconstruction or forensic facial approximation is the process of recreating the face of an individual whose identity is often not known from their skeletal remains through an amalgamation of artistry, anthropologyosteologyand anatomy. It is easily the most subjective—as well as one of the most controversial—techniques in the field of forensic anthropology. Despite this controversy, facial reconstruction has proved successful frequently enough that research and methodological developments continue to be advanced.
Author information: 1 Boston, Mass. Facial allograft transplantation has emerged as a treatment modality. Facial allografts are procured from a dead donor and transplanted to the recipient.
Jump to content. As a nationally recognized leader in reconstructive surgery, our team of U-M plastic surgeons and medical specialists guide our patients through every step of the facial reconstruction surgery process to ensure the best results possible. The University of Michigan remains a leader in the treatment of basal cell and squamous cell carcinoma, as well as melanoma, using highly effective Mohs surgery and the "Square Technique.
Plastic surgery. Although the development of plastic surgery is popularly believed to have taken place over the past 20 years or so, the origins of plastic surgery are very old. The nose received the most attention from early plastic surgeons.
Head and face reconstruction is surgery to repair or reshape deformities of the head and face craniofacial. How surgery for head and face deformities craniofacial reconstruction is done depends on the type and severity of deformity, and the person's condition. The medical term for this surgery is craniofacial reconstruction.
When a person suffers from facial fractures or other facial trauma such as surgery, illness or genetic malformation, surgeons specially trained in reconstructing facial features can restore both function blinking, smiling, talking and eating and appearance, supporting health and well-being. Joe knew there was something wrong. After coming to Johns Hopkins he was finally diagnosed with tongue cancer.
Facial trauma reconstruction is the rectification of facial lacerations such as those commonly inflicted during motor vehicle accidents, incidents of violence or from animal attacks. Appropriate treatment at the time of injury is the most effective way of preventing post-traumatic facial deformities. Unfortunately, due to life-threatening injuries or other circumstances, patients do not always receive sufficient plastic surgery, often resulting in unsatisfactory outcomes.
Plastic surgery. Such an injury may remove part or all of the face. The first partial face transplant was performed in France in and the first full face transplant was performed in Spain in
Facial reconstruction is a method used in the forensic field when a crime involves unidentified remains. Facial reconstruction is usually performed by a sculptor who is an expert in facial anatomy. Either way, the sculptor will work with forensic anthropologists to interpret the features of the skeleton that will ultimately help reveal the age, sex and ancestry of the victim.